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Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) symptoms & precaution

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) symptoms & precaution

Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is very common in Indian women.  Burning sensation, pain or vague discomfort in lower abdomen, frequency of urination, passage of urine drop by drop are the common symptoms of UTI .It is caused by bacteria which can affect any part of urinary tract from kidney to urinary passage opening (urethral opening). UTI, if left untreated may cause recurrence.  Infection of urethra is very common in females than males as urinary passage is short (urethra).

E.Coli bacteria is the most stub on and common bacteria causing UTI , but when  present in colon is very useful to protect from other infectious bacteria. In females –opening of urinary passage, vagina and anus are very close. Hence  urethra  is vulnerable to  getting  infected  with  E Coli  bacteria through fecal matter  if not washed thoroughly.  Contrary to common perception “Public toilets are not the main culprit of UTI”

Causes of UTI are:

  • Improper wash after defecation .Wiping from back to front can transfer bacteria from anus to urethra
  • Rising incidence of Diabetes in our country. Diabetic patients are more prone to UTI as bacteria can breed easily in urine with sugar.
  • Incomplete evacuation of urine as during pregnancy due to pressure on urethra
  • Colonic bacteria are transferred more commonly to urethra during  honeymoon period(known as –Honey-moon-cystitis)
  • Spermicidal gels if not washed properly after coitus , serves as a good breeding media for bacteria

Why to treat UTI in Time?

Women never take UTI as serious disease.  If it left untreated, may cause-

  • kidney damage
  • It can cause low birth weight and growth retardation and premature delivery in pregnant women
  • Sepsis, which is a life threatening condition

Following precautionary measures are helpful

  • Do not hold urine for longer hours
  • Empty your bladder before going to bed
  • After urinating clean your private area from front to back
  • Follow your doctors advise and take the complete course of medicines
  • Avoid bath –tub, use of tap water or shower is better
  • Consume plenty of liquids especially water
  • Cotton undergarments are beneficial especially during summer and monsoon
  • Avoid wearing tight-fitting undergarments
  • Avoid excessive use of feminine hygienic sprays, soaps and powder
  • Avoid excessive use of coffee, citrus juices and soft drinks

One Response

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